By: Associated Press
WASHINGTON -- Gay men remain banned for life from donating blood, the government said Wednesday,
leaving in place -- for now -- a 1983 prohibition meant to prevent the spread of HIV through transfusions.
and Drug Administration reiterated its long-standing policy on its Web site Wednesday, more than a year after the Red Cross
and two other blood groups criticized the policy as "medically and scientifically unwarranted."
"I am disappointed, I must confess," said Dr. Celso Bianco, executive
vice president of America's Blood Centers, whose members provide
nearly half the nation's blood supply.
Before giving blood, all men are asked if they have had sex, even
once, with another man since 1977. Those who say they have are permanently banned from donating. The FDA said those men are
at increased risk of infection by HIV that can be transmitted to others by blood transfusion.
In March 2006, the Red
Cross, the international blood association AABB and America's Blood Centers proposed
replacing the lifetime ban with a one-year deferral following male-to-male sexual contact. New and improved tests, which can
detect HIV-positive donors within just 10 to 21 days of infection, make the lifetime ban unnecessary, the blood groups told
In a document posted Wednesday, the FDA said it would change its policy if given data that show doing so wouldn't
pose a "significant and preventable" risk to blood recipients.
"It is a way of saying, 'Whatever was presented to us
was not sufficient to make us change our minds,"' Bianco said.
The FDA said HIV tests currently in use are highly accurate,
but still cannot detect the virus 100 percent of the time. The estimated HIV risk from a unit of blood is currently about one per 2 million in the United States, according
to the agency.
Critics of the exclusionary policy said it bars potential healthy donors, despite the increasing need
for donated blood, and discriminates against gays. The FDA recognized the policy defers many healthy donors but rejected the
suggestion it's discriminatory.
Anyone who's used intravenous drugs or been
paid for sex also is permanently barred from donating blood.
On the Net: FDA
Q-and-A about its policy on blood donations from gay men: http://www.fda.gov/cber/faq/msmdonor.htm